Dog fleas: Symptoms and treatments of flea bites on dogs
Aug 24, 2023
Dog fleas cause a lot of pain, discomfort, and unhappiness. Here's everything you need to know about dog flea symptoms, treatments, and how to get rid of them.
By Evan Williams
There are few things more unpleasant than a dog flea infestation, and few things more difficult to deal with. We're here to help you detect flea bites on dogs and get rid of them as quickly as possible.
If your dog has been behaving strangely, and is looking quite uncomfortable and unhappy, it might be time to check for fleas. These tiny parasites are hard to detect, but extremely unpleasant if an infestation occurs. Luckily, while it may take some time to fully get rid of them, treatment is not too difficult.
In this dog guide, TAG24 will take a look at flea bites on dogs. How can you detect flea bites, what are the symptoms of fleas on dogs, and what can you do to get rid of them? With these dog flea treatment tips, you'll be well prepared for an infestation.
Please note: We here at TAG24 absolutely adore the canine companions and feline friends that we write about, but that does not make us animal health professionals. If you are concerned that your dog is suffering from a health issue, or has a flea infestation, seek the advice of your veterinarian immediately. This page is just meant to convey general information.
Flea bites can be very hard to spot on dogs, as they appear on skin that is often covered in dense, thick, and darkly colored hair. They are extremely small, especially when compared to other kinds of insect bites, and don't generally cause the large-scale swelling you'd expect from something like a tick bite.
In general, flea bites will appear on your dog's skin as small and raised red dots that could easily be mistaken for some kind of rash or even a very minor and tiny mosquito bite.
Here are some of the most common places where a flea will bite your dog:
Make sure to keep an eye out, particularly searching for areas of your dog's skin that have gone red or are obviously inflamed.
Important: You should check for flea bites regularly. Do so by having someone hold your dog while you go through the most likely spots on which fleas will attack, parting your doggo's hair and checking as you go.
If left untreated or undetected, flea bites will often scab over and become crusty sores scattered across your dog's body. While they don't initially cause any serious long-term harm, the risk is that those scabs will be ripped off when a dog scratches itself (flea bites are often very itchy) and can then start to bleed.
When this happens, additional risks start to add up. The flea bite itself is so small that it is less likely to get infected, but worrisome, bigger wounds caused by the ripping off of scabs can easily get dirty and then infected. This will, in turn, cause your dog more pain, harm, and discomfort.
The belly is the most common place for a flea to bite your dog, though they can bite anywhere. This is because your dog's stomach is the most vulnerable place on its body, often extremely warm, and usually the flea's first point of contact as it is the closest to the ground and will often be brushed by grass, leaves, and various other things found outside.
It's extremely important to check on your dog regularly for fleas, but let's be real – it's incredibly difficult to spot them. A lot of the time the fleas and the marks they leave when they bite are hidden in your dog's dense fur, unable to be spotted unless you spend hours searching for them.
While the difficulty of this task largely depends on your dog's coat type – double-coated dogs being the hardest – it is quite likely that your detection of fleas will come down to whether or not you recognize the symptoms of their bites on dogs. To do this, you first need to know what the signs are.
Here are the most common symptoms of fleas in dogs:
You should also be aware that it is very likely that you will be getting bitten by fleas if your dog has been infested with them. The symptoms are more or less the same for humans, and it's a safe bet that if you have been bit, then your poor perfect pooch is the source.
While most dogs will be uncomfortable when bitten, hounds that are allergic will develop something called flea allergy dermatitis. This is when the bites cause severe rashes and hair loss, as well as increasingly painful and extreme itching. These symptoms will usually be noticed in what we previously described as the "flea circle," the most common area for a dog to be bitten.
If you are concerned that your dog is allergic to flea bites and might be suffering from this condition, your vet can perform a variety of different tests to confirm a positive diagnosis. If the dog has flea allergy dermatitis, your vet will get it on treatment immediately. Don't worry, though, while horrifically uncomfortable, this is not a dangerous condition.
Never self-diagnose: While it might seem clear to you that your dog has this condition, it's never certain until it confirmed by a medical professional. See your vet if you're suspicious, but don't go making unsubstantiated claims.
The CDC recommends that all dogs should be treated with flea medicine each and every month. They also recommend a variety of precautions to keep fleas away from you, your dog, and your home. While many of these are most useful when used to protect humans from fleas, some can be applied to doggos as well.
In general, one of the best ways to keep your dog from getting fleas is to not let it near stray or wild animals, and to keep it away from anything sick or dead. Fleas are parasites and will latch on to such animals, as they are the perfect breeding ground.
Other preventative measures include, but are not limited to:
In regard to flea medicine: Specialized preventative flea medicine is usually applied every month or every five weeks. It is easy to use and relatively inexpensive, and compulsory in many US states (and in many other countries as well). You should speak to your vet immediately after adoption and get your doggo on the meds as quickly as possible!
Dog flea treatment can be a long and difficult process, as you're going to need to basically clean every item you own. We will start first with how to treat the bites themselves and then move onto how to get rid of fleas. To treat the bite itself, it's a simple matter of calming down the area and sanitizing it.
Here is how to treat a dog flea bite:
It might seem a bit basic, but dealing with fleas is just a matter of keeping the bites soothed and calmed while going through the process of getting rid of the parasites themselves.
For the most effective treatment and removal of fleas, the CDC recommends a combination of sanitation, pet treatment, and home treatment. You need to do all three to remove every flea from your house. If you simply treat your dog, you won't get rid of all the fleas, and you'll find yourself in exactly the same situation in a couple of weeks time.
Here's how to get rid of dog fleas:
As you can see, while this process isn't "difficult," it's extremely time consuming, can be very expensive, and is a real pain in the butt. In the end, prevention is always better than treatment!
Dogs don't like the experience of being bitten and harassed by parasitic fleas. After all, who would? If you're a dog owner, you should always look out for symptoms of illness and discomfort from your perfect pooch. It's important to pay attention to your dog's health, and regularly checking for fleas is part of that process.
As you would have discerned from our list of dog flea symptoms, your dog will be very unhappy and in a lot of discomfort if it gets infested and bitten by fleas. Rapid detection and treatment, preventative measures, and regular vet visits are crucial to avoid this misery.
Cover photo: Unsplash/REGINE THOLEN
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